lula's understanding of binding and loosening:
St.Matt. 16 tells us that Christ gave St.Peter His authority to make decisions and that He would back them in Heaven. Since Jesus promised to be with His Church until the end of time, that same authority would have to remain with whomever succeeded St.Peter and the other Apostles down through the ages.
So, St.Peter was given the keys of the kingdom singularly and was entrusted with them in conjunction with the powers of binding and loosing. Binding and loosing is equated with the authority to decide what is allowed and forbidden.
The power to bind and loose connotes the authority to absolve sins or to hold them bound, St. John 20:22-23; 9:8. to pronounce doctrinal judgments (for example to include people in the Chruch or to exclude or excommunicate them) and to make disciplinary decisions in the Church. As to the word "Whatever you bind...whatever you loose indicates that Jesus gives St.Peter the authority to decide the extent and limitations of his role to bind and loose. The Chruch has traditionally understood the parameters of binding and loosing as applying only to the areas of faith and morals.
kfc's understanding of binding and loosening:
In John 20:23 after His resurrection Christ said "If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained."
In giving instruction for church discipline to all his people, Jesus said that if a sinning believer refuses to turn from his sin after being counselled privately and even after being rebuked by the entire congration, the church not only is permitted but obligated to treat the unrepentant member "as a Gentile and a tax gatherer" (Matt 18:15-17).
He then said to the church as a whole what He earlier had said to Peter and to the other apostles, "Truly I say to you whatever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heven and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven." (18:18). In other words, a body of believers has the right to tell an unrepentant brother that he is out of line with God's word and has no right to fellowship with God's people. That's the meaning behind binding and loosing Lula. It's not some divine authority just to the RCC and it's Pope. That's utterly ridiculous. The church is people. It's NOT denomination.
No, KFC....the Divine power to bind and loose was NOT given to the whole body of believers. That is utter nonsense.
Scripture teaches Christ gave the power to forgive or retain sins to St.Peter and the other Apostles, and they in turn to their legitimate successors. Not to all the members of the Church.
If you study Protestantism you'll find that Luther did away with the Christ-instituted Sacrament of Penance (Confession). Luther claimed "faith alone" was enough. And since on that you follow Luther and believe in his doctrine, the true meaning of of binding and loosening as well as forgiving or retaining sins escapes you.
When we sin, we lose sanctifying grace in our soul and move further away from God. In the Church Christ established through the priesthood are the means to restore sanctifying grace beginning with the Sacrament of Baptism and continuing with the Sacrament of Penance where we receive forgiveness of our sins and receive absolution.
The Biblical evidence of the forgiveness of sins is found in St.Matt. 16; 2Cor. 5 and St.John 20.
God forgives sins and God delegated that power to His ambassodors. That's where the Catholic priests come into the picture.
The function of Priests is to offer Sacrifice and reconcile sinners with God. The Apostles were commissioned by Christ to offer sacrifice in commemmoration of Him at the Last Supper which is one form of making reparation for sin.
St.Matt. 16:18.....To St.Peter as head of the Apostolic College, Christ gave His Keys which signified supreme earthly authority to do what CHrist did; that is, have jurisdiction over the flock of which Christ is the Heavenly Good Shepherd. Later, 18:18, to the other Apostles, Christ gave the power to bind and loose that is the power to make decisions, and to inflict censure upon the sinner.
After the Resurrection, the Risen Christ told the Apostles in language unmistakenly clear of their power to forgive sinners...
"As the Father hath sent Me, I also send you." When He had said this, He breathed on them and He said to them, "Receive thee the Holy Ghost. Whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them, and whose sins you shall retain, they are retained." St.John 20.
Note: That as God the Father sent His Son, Jesus Christ, to forgive sinners. The Son in turn, Who is a Divine Person sent His Apostles.
Note: That Christ sent His Apostles and gave only them the power through the Holy Ghosty to forgive sins.
Note: That the power of Heaven and earth that Christ has, He bestowed upon St.Peter and the other Apostles.
Note: That the Apostles were to continue the commission that Christ came to carry out personally during His earthly life.
Note: That it's not reasonable to assume that the power to bind and loose was to end with the last of the Apostles, becasue Our All Merciful Lord came to help sinners during all time which is why He established the Chruch with the objective to reconcile sinners with God. If that weren't so, St.Paul wouldn't have passed judgement on the incestuous Corinthian "If I have pardoned anything for your sakes I have done it in the name of CHrist." 2Cor. 2:10.
The continuance of the power to forgive sin comes through Apostolic Succession, by the laying on of hands in the priesthood.
Of binding and loosing St.Ambrose said, "both are allowed to the Church; neither is allowed to heretics; becasue it is a rite conceded only to priests." De.Poenit, L. I.c, 11.
We see that the power of binding and loosing and to forgive or retain sins continued on after the death of the Apostles. It was not a power of human nature, rather it was a Divine ambassadorial power.
"But all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to Himself, not imputing to them their sins; and He hath placed in us the word of reconciliation. For Christ, therefore, we, (St.Paul, Timothy, Titus and others), are ambassadors, God as it were exhorting by us. For Christ we beseech you, be reconciled to God." 2Cor.5:18-20