Ah, again comes up the Inquisition, the handy stick non Catholics use against Catholics in an attempt to bash the Catholic Church and Catholicism. It seems for many Jews, second only to the claim that Jesus is the predicted Messias, the Inquisition is a mental obstacle that blacks out the fact that Jesus and His Catholic Chruch are the fulfillment of all that is great of OLd Testament principles and prophecies.
Do you realize that inquisitions though not so designated were common in Jewry during the pre-Christian centuries? Yes sir, Mr. Leuki, "Inquisitions" are penal sanctions first used by ancient Jews of the Old Testament and later by Jews in the New. Inquisitions are forerunners of the modern day court and penal system.
Do you know that the Old Testament records instances where God commanded that formal, legal inquiries, in other words inquisitions, be carried out to expose secret believers (heretics)?
Deuteronomy 13:6-11 makes clear that there were some Isrealites who posed as believers in and keepers of the covenant with Yahweh, while in reality they didn' t believe and secretly practiced and tried to spread other religions. We learn that to protect the people from such heresy, those secret practioners had to be rooted out and expelled from the community and furthermore, the Lord God's directive applied even to whole cities that turned away from the true religion.
From Deuteronomy 17:2-5, we learn that controversies are to be decided by the high priest and council, whose sentince must be obeyed. God said, "When there shall be found among you within any of thy gates (towns) which the Lord thy God shall give thee, man or woman that do evil in the sight of the Lord your God and transgress His covenant, so as to go and serve strange gods and adore them, the sun and the moon, and all the host of heaven, which I have not commanded: and this is told thee hearing it; thou shall inquire diligently, and found it to be true and certain that the abominable thing has been committed in Isreal: then thou shall bring forth the man or woman who has committed that most wicked thing, to the gates of thy city, and they shall be stoned."
The most famous (or infamous), Inquisition in history is the one that was conducted by the Sanhedrin under the headship of the high priest, Caiphas, before which Jesus was tried and convicted for blashphemy for claiming to be the Messias, and then turned over to Pilate, the civil authority, who ordered the Roman soldiers to crucify Him. If Jesus had been a Messianic pretender, as He was charged with being, the action of the Inquisitors would have been justifiable. This is said becasue Jesus being a Jew was subject to the Mosaic Law, which declared, "He that blasphemeth the name of the Lord, dying let him die; All the multitude shall stone him." Lev. 24:16.
During the Christian era, Spinoza was tried for heresy at the Inquisition of the Rabbinical COllege in Amsterdam, Holland. The rabbis pronounced the severest ban as he was guilty of horrible heresies.....application was made by the rabbis to the civil authorities for his perpetual banishment from Holland the land of Spinoza's birth. Back in the days, Spinoza would have been stoned to death for his pantheistic anti God doctrines.
Same thing in medieval Europe. Like Isreal, was a society of Christian kingdoms that were formally consecrated to Jesus Christ, the Catholic Chruch. Just like the Isrealites before them, Catholics concluded for the greater good of Christian society they "must take away the evil from out of the midst of thee" Deut. 13:5. St.Paul repeats this principle in 1Cor. 5:13.
Within Catholicism, the first medieval Inquisition was established in 1184 in France as a response to the Catharist heresy. The Spanish Inquisition in 1478 was a state institutiion used to identify conversos, Jews and Moors (Muslims) who pretended to convert ot Cathoilicism for purposes of political or social advantage and secretly practiced their former religions. Separate from this was the Roman Inquisition in 1542, the one by which Galileo for wanting to change Scripture to meet his scientific discoveries, was disciplined.
The thing to understand about the Medieval Inquisition is that only Catholics who were accused of heresy were tried.
So, I take it from your non-answer that you believe the victims of the inquisition directly profited from the benefits of institutionalised religion.